Jason Boardman, University of Colorado, Boulder
There are many empirical examples of gene-environment interaction research in sociology and most of this work is discussed in one or the following reviews. Each paper below makes a strong case for the importance of a sociological framework when considering genetic associations and hypothesizing specific gene-environment interactions. I also provided the paper by Bruce Link because it provides a wonderful overview of the links between epidemiology and sociology and lessons from this same framework, in my opinion, can be applied to the bulk of sociological research on gene-environment interactions.
Freese, Jeremy, and Sara Shostak. “Genetics and social inquiry.” Annual Review of Sociology 35 (2009): 107-128.
Boardman, Jason D., Jonathan Daw, and Jeremy Freese. “Defining the environment in gene–environment research: lessons from social epidemiology.” American Journal of Public Health 103, no. S1 (2013): S64-S72. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301355
Shanahan, Michael J., and Scott M. Hofer. “Social context in gene–environment interactions: Retrospect and prospect.” The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 60, no. Special Issue 1 (2005): 65-76.
4. From social structure to gene regulation, and back: a critical introduction to environmental epigenetics for sociology
Landecker, Hannah, and Aaron Panofsky. “From social structure to gene regulation, and back: a critical introduction to environmental epigenetics for sociology.” Annual Review of Sociology 39 (2013): 333-357.
Seabrook, Jamie A., and William R. Avison. “Genotype–environment interaction and sociology: Contributions and complexities.” Social Science & Medicine 70, no. 9 (2010): 1277-1284.
6. Is the Gene-Environment Interaction Paradigm Relevant to Genome-Wide Studies? The Case of Education and Body Mass Index
Boardman, Jason D., Benjamin W. Domingue, Casey L. Blalock, Brett C. Haberstick, Kathleen Mullan Harris, and Matthew B. McQueen. “Is the Gene-Environment Interaction Paradigm Relevant to Genome-Wide Studies? The Case of Education and Body Mass Index.” Demography 51, no. 1 (2014): 119-139.
Link, Bruce G. “Epidemiological sociology and the social shaping of population health.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 49, no. 4 (2008): 367-384.